Cultural topics in the Montessori classroom give children initial exposure to the many areas of knowledge that they will encounter throughout life, enabling them to develop an early interest in learning about the world, science and nature, history and culture, and music and art. Establishing cultural awareness in young children fosters their ability to care for others and enables the child to create connections between themselves and the physical world around them.
The cultural aspect of the Montessori method includes following subjects:
- Science (Biology, Chemistry, Earth Science, and Physics)
Science (Biology, Chemistry, Earth Science, and Physics)
Science in the Montessori curriculum introduces children to advanced topics in the early years, preparing them for a lifetime of discovery. Topics include basic principles of astronomy, biology, botany, chemistry, physics, and zoology. Students learn to ask questions, follow a systematic process of observation, collect and analyze information, and conduct experiments. This creates opportunities for children to explore and develop concrete foundations for understanding the world.
Additionally, students learn about biology including the human body and skeleton. Chemistry activities spark the curiosity of students about the microscopic world of atoms and molecules. Children often conduct hands-on experiments and science projects. Earth Science and Physics are incorporated into a constantly rotating curriculum that provides the opportunity for students to explore areas such as the solar system and weather. Cultural studies also introduce children to the surrounding physical world, including an introduction to physical geography and how land and water areas are represented on a globe.
Geography and History
Cultural curriculum provides children with the opportunity to explore the world. Through rich exploration of the many cultures of the world, children learn about the people, terrain, and animals of each continent. Children learn about history in order to develop an understanding of our world by recognizing and celebrating our past and present. Geography is important both as a necessary conceptual framework and spatial orientation, and as a bridge to the development of the child’s understanding and appreciation of nature and culture. As in other areas of the Montessori curriculum, the children first experience the larger concepts, and then move gradually to the details (names of countries, landscapes, and cultures).
Botany and Zoology
Botany is introduced to teach information such as the parts of a tree, the parts of a leaf, or the parts of a flower. This helps children become more observant of the characteristics of things that grow in their environment. There are frequently plants, flowers, or vegetables growing inside and outside of the classroom. Students are also introduced to the concept of living vs. nonliving early in their education. Once they develop understanding of this concept, children are introduced to the vertebrate classes (mammals, amphibians, reptiles, fish, and birds) and also study invertebrates. Whenever possible, teachers will provide a live exhibit to illustrate teaching in zoology.
Art and Music
Students are exposed to the fundamentals of art through an array of tools, techniques, and mediums to develop a sense of creativity while instilling lifelong skills that promote overall personal success. This sense of creativity develops through the expressive use of materials and activities. Nurturing an appreciation for music and the arts is an integral part of our daily curriculum. Our music enrichment includes lessons in voice, rhythm, musical notes, and moving to music. The children enjoy many opportunities to present live performances to their parents including musical plays, performances, and skits.